Contra asset definition


It all the depreciation related to an asset or the company’s overall assets. Usually, companies add to the accumulated depreciation account after every accounting period. The accumulated depreciation account plays a vital role in representing the accurate value of an asset in the financial statements. They are also helpful for keeping the books balanced and creating a clear trail of financial breadcrumbs for historical review and reporting.

Contra revenue account, which is used to record the net amounts and usually has a debit balance, as opposed to the revenue account that records the gross amounts. The decrease in the asset and accumulated depletion accounts reduces the balance to zero and removes the account from the balance sheet. That calculated amount is credited to either the appropriate intangible asset account or accumulated amortization account . Suppose a company has recorded $100,000 in accounts receivable (A/R) and $10,000 in the allowance for doubtful accounts (i.e. 10% of A/R is estimated as uncollectible).

Presentation of Contra Assets

At the end of the year, their assets are as follows… Nova Company valued a van at $30,000, an office building at $500,000 and office equipment at $20,000. At the same time, depreciation for the van at the end of the year ended up at $500. When examining the term “contra asset account,” look no further than the root of contra to get a vague grasp of the definition.

contra account balance

Intangible assets are created through time and effort, and are identifiable as separate assets. These assets represent rights to receive future payments that are not due at the balance sheet date. Fixed assets, according to International Accounting Standard 16, are long range assets whose cost can be measured reliably. Despite being classified as a liability, it functions more like an asset because benefits are provided to the company. Still, the dollar amounts are separately broken out in the supplementary sections most of the time for greater transparency in financial reporting. So, an organization looking for a robust accounting process must move to this reporting for better understanding.

What Does Contra Account Mean?

The sales discount account represents the discount amount a company gives to customers as an incentive to purchase its products or services. Expense accounts are technically contra equity accounts because they are linked to another equity account, revenue, and maintain an opposite balance. The expense account uses its debit balance to reduce the revenue account’s credit balance.

To offset this, the allowance for doubtful accounts balance is adjusted via a credit, while the bad debt account is debited to balance out the AR account. When combined, the AR account and the allowance for doubtful accounts contra assets offer a projection of how much net cash is expected to be received from outstanding accounts. Contra assets are accounts in the general ledger—where you enter your transactions—that carry a balance used to offset the account with which it is paired.

What is a Contra Asset Account? Definition, Types, Example, and More

The credit balance in the account Allowance for Doubtful Accounts tells us how much of the debit balance in Accounts Receivable is unlikely to be collected. When a contra asset account is first recorded in a journal entry, the offset is to an expense. For example, an increase in the form of a credit to allowance for doubtful accounts is also recorded as a debit to increase bad debt expense. Balance sheet, users of financial statements can learn more about the assets of a company.

Which of the following is a contra asset account?

Accumulated depreciation. The accumulated depreciation account is a contra asset account because it reduces the effective value of fixed assets of a firm.

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